New technologies and archeology : the impact of the digital revolution

Anne Moreau, Federico Nurra

Abstract


The interest of digital technologies for archaeological data exploitation and analyse is well-known as shown by many papers at previous CAA conferences. The “new technologies” including photogrammetry, three-dimensional modeling, GIS (not so new), agent-based model, internet and its consequences - opendata, Openaccess, Geolinked data… are nowadays integrated within the archaeological research process and some of them are about to be the new tools of the archaeologist for his daily work. It is not over: we live in a time of technological transformation. What are the changes brought up by the introduction and the diffusion of the new technologies? How does it change our practices and our way of thinking archaeology? Is that better or only different?
Accordingly, this session aims at focusing on the following issues
• the consequences of the data digitalisation and the field data recording (efficency? fiability?)
• the changes raised by the new technologies in the ways of working and the organisation of work
• the way of exploring the data : spatial analyses, statistical analyses, three-dimensional modelling etc
• relationships between the scientific problematic and the tool contrived and used
• the archiving of data
• the definition of data and metadata
• the sharing of data, the diffusion of knowledge
• the collaborative working
• the training of the archaeologists
• the definition of the professions involved in producing archaeological data
• …

The session will explore the questions raised above through different cases studies exposing how the new technologies are used and what are the changes involved. One of the consequences of the widespread use of the new technologies is the ocean of data produced, forgetting sometimes that archaeology, even digital, is a human science.